Concluding Laws in the Book of the Covenant

Exodus 23:1-13


Apodictic – laws that unconditionally and categorically assert that which is right or wrong; a prohibition or an affirmation; usually stated in the second person. Ex. The ten commandments

Casuistic – case laws that provide specific cases or precedents; “if” this happens, “then” this is to happen. Ex. Exodus 21-22:17

Theme: Two final matters for understanding God’s laws in the book of the covenant so you remember the reason why laws are so necessary.

Illustration:, December, 2016, “50 of the Craziest State Laws”

I. Laws are necessary for Societal Order vv. 1-9

A. Dishonesty is Prohibited v. 1 (cf. 20:16; Leviticus 19:16)

B. Complicity is Prohibited v. 2 (cf. Proverbs 1:10-19; Matthew 7:13-14)

C. Partiality is Prohibited v. 3 (cf. Leviticus 19:15 and Deuteronomy 1:17a)

D. Assistance is Commanded vv. 4-5 (cf. Luke 6:27; Matthew 5:44; Deuteronomy 1:17a)

E. Injustice is Prohibited v. 6

F. Veracity is Commanded v. 7a (cf. Deuteronomy 19:18-19; 1 Kings 21:9-13)

G. Murder is Prohibited v. 7b (cf. 21:12, 14)

H. Bribery is Prohibited v. 8 (cf. Deuteronomy 16:19; 10:17; 27:25; 1 Samuel 8:3; Proverbs 17:23; Psalm 15:5)

I. Oppression is Prohibited v. 9 (cf. 22:21)

II. Laws are necessary for Sabbath Observance vv. 10-12

A. Sabbath for the land vv. 10-11 (cf. Leviticus 25, 27; 25:3-5; 2 Chronicles 36:21)

B. Sabbath for the people and animals v. 12 (cf. Leviticus 25:23; Exodus 20:8-11; 31:12-17)

Conclusion (cf. Joshua 23:6-7; Zechariah 13:2; Psalm 16:4)